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Credit Score

How Is My Credit Score Calculated?

Your credit score in India is a numerical representation of your creditworthiness, indicating how likely you are to repay borrowed money. It plays a significant role in determining your eligibility for loans, credit cards, and other financial products. The credit scoring process in India is based on a few key factors, each with a specific weight in calculating your overall credit score.

Payment History (35%)

Your payment history is the most critical factor in calculating your credit score. It includes information about your past credit accounts, including loans and credit cards. Timely repayment of your debts has a positive impact on your score, while late payments, defaults, and bankruptcies can lower it.

Credit Utilization (30%)

Credit utilization refers to the percentage of your available credit that you are currently using. Keeping your credit card balances low compared to your credit limits demonstrates responsible credit management and positively influences your credit score.

Length of Credit History (15%)

The length of your credit history is the duration for which you have maintained credit accounts. A longer credit history generally has a positive impact on your score, as it provides lenders with more data to assess your credit behavior.

Types of Credit in Use (10%)

This factor considers the variety of credit accounts you have, such as credit cards, loans, and mortgages. Having a mix of different types of credit can have a positive effect on your credit score, as it demonstrates your ability to manage various financial obligations.

Recent Credit Inquiries (10%)

Each time you apply for new credit, a hard inquiry is recorded on your credit report. Multiple recent inquiries can suggest that you’re seeking a lot of credit in a short period, potentially affecting your credit score. However, a single inquiry generally has a minor impact.

Calculating Your Credit Score

Credit bureaus in India, such as CIBIL (Credit Information Bureau India Limited), Equifax, and Experian, collect information from various financial institutions and use complex algorithms to calculate your credit score. The final score usually falls between 300 and 900, with higher scores indicating better creditworthiness.

Improving Your Credit Score

To improve your credit score in India, follow these steps:

  • Pay Bills on Time: Ensure timely repayment of all your credit obligations, including credit cards and loans.
  • Manage Credit Utilization: Keep your credit card balances below 30% of your credit limits.
  • Maintain a Mix of Credit: Have a diverse range of credit accounts, including both revolving credit (credit cards) and installment credit (loans).
  • Avoid Frequent New Credit Applications: Limit the number of new credit applications you make within a short period.
  • Regularly Check Your Credit Report: Monitor your credit report for inaccuracies and address any errors promptly.

In conclusion, understanding the factors that contribute to your credit score and practicing responsible credit management can help you maintain a healthy credit profile in India. By focusing on timely payments, managing your credit utilization, and maintaining a positive credit history, you can work towards achieving a higher credit score and better financial opportunities.

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