Banking refers to the system of financial institutions, such as banks, credit unions, and other financial intermediaries, that provide various services related to money management, lending, borrowing, and investing. It encompasses a wide range of activities aimed at managing financial resources, facilitating transactions, and offering financial products and services to individuals, businesses, and governments.
What is Banking ?
Banks borrow money from a set of individuals or entities and lend it to a different set of individuals or entities. They are licensed under the law to carry on this business and also offer payment systems through facilities like cheques, credit cards and internet banking.
When a bank accepts deposits, it is a borrowing for them. When they give loans for various purposes, it is lending. The difference between the interest it earns on loans and the interest it gives on deposits, less expenses, is its profit.
History of Banking
Early Banking Systems
Banking traces its origins to ancient civilizations where lending and borrowing occurred. Early banking systems evolved in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and ancient Greece, primarily focused on grain loans and trading.
Development of Modern Banking
The Renaissance period marked a significant shift in banking with the emergence of modern banks in Italy, including the Medici Bank, pioneering various banking techniques and systems.
Types of Banking
Retail banking caters to individuals and small businesses, offering basic financial services like savings and checking accounts, loans, mortgages, and credit cards.
Commercial banks serve larger businesses, providing a wide array of financial services, including loans, credit lines, and treasury management.
Investment banks specialize in raising capital for companies, facilitating mergers and acquisitions, and offering advisory services.
Central banks regulate the money supply, set interest rates, and supervise commercial banks, aiming to maintain stability within the economy.
Deposit Services: Banks offer various deposit accounts like savings, checking, and term deposits, allowing customers to save and earn interest.
Lending Services: Lending services include providing loans for various purposes, such as personal loans, mortgages, and business loans.
Payment Services: Banks facilitate transactions through payment services like credit/debit cards, online transfers, and mobile payments.
Our Banking Products
A loan is money you borrow which has to be repaid with interest. The interest rate and tenure of the loan, as well as the repayment schedule are pre-decided between the borrower and the lender. Most loans are given for a specified purpose and against an asset as a collateral.
Credit cards a good alternative to cash for making transactions both online and offline. The advantage is that you can make purchases even when you do not have sufficient funds in your account and pay the credit card bill later, giving you a credit period between two to seven weeks usually.
Credit card spending gives you cashbacks and rewards too. Often there are discounts and deals for specified credit card transactions offered by the seller. At Fincover, we help you choose the best credit cards available in the market from India’s leading banks.